Washington DC: March 25, 1825. SIGNED by "J. Q. Adams" as President of the United States, "H. Clay" as Secretary of State and "William Wirt" as Attorney General. Clean, affirmative signatures. 11.5" x 15" Vellum document. Small corner tear on bottom right and top left not close to any script. Remnants of folding into sixths for both the document and the application are still evident. Overlaying the ribbon is affixed the Great Seal of the United States with foxing on some of the perimeter and very light remnant of red colorization of the seal.
The application is one and a half pages of handwritten description for the churn front and back of a parchment. It was also folded in sixths with the patent and has two holes worn through, one 2 inches and the other 1 inch. Holes cut above four words on the first page but do not affect script on page two. Both documents, application and patent are joined together with a blue ribbon that ends in a flourish. Fine patent and Good Application are housed in archival mylar and a portfolio.
Applicant was Hiram Baird, a Citizen of the United States. Mr. Baird's description is one and a half side hand written explanation of how to improve the performance of churning machines by shaft rotation and detailed description of the machinery is described. Patent is witnessed by two two individuals, Lewis Merwin and Abram Patterson. Item #86
"...the shaft of this machine may be turned by almost any power that fancy may dictate. My chief improvement in churning consists in moving the machinery by the shaft. This improvement may be any way varied in position, and magnitude."